How to take care of a kitten
You have decided to buy a kitten and have become the happy owner of the best Siberian kitten in the world, who came into this world especially for you, Congratulations! But now it needs to be properly grown so that it turns into a worthy representative of the Siberian breed, and for this, read the small instructions below :-)
Moving from the Breeder
It is desirable to transport a kitten to a new house in a special carrier. Put a diaper or towel in it, take wet and dry napkins, paper towels, a spare diaper for the road. If it's cold outside, then take a warm blanket to cover the carrier. It is better to take a roomy carrier, "for growth", it will be convenient to carry it in it, for example, for vaccinations to the veterinarian.
Kitten the first days at your home, how to teach a kitten to the tray
It is best to bring a kitten to a new home when there is someone from the family there (on weekends or holidays, vacation) and there is free time. Put the carrier, open the door, let the kitten look around.
Take the kitten in your arms - show him the whole apartment, telling him in a calm, affectionate voice what and where (they don't believe everything!) Be sure to bring it to the bowl, lower it to the floor, let it sniff. Then take him to the stall, put him there, let him sit there for a while, and maybe do something already :-)
In the first days, the kitten may be worried, tends to hide in a secluded place. Appetite may disappear, stool may be upset (very rarely) If the kitten is hiding, do not lure him out of hiding, give him time to get used to it. At this time it is better not to make noise, not to shout, not to show concern. When the kitten comes out of hiding, play with it, offer food, periodically put it on the toilet tray so that the kitten remembers the place. Some make the mistake of believing that once the kitten is already accustomed to the tray, then he will find his way to it in a new house, and forgetting that the situation is now completely different and the baby may simply not orient himself yet and, not having endured, go to the toilet in another place. Therefore, if you notice that the kitten has started sniffing and scratching the floor with its paws, take it back to the tray.
On the first night, the kitten may behave restlessly, "crying" - this is not an alarming symptom. Play with him, caress him, he will switch his attention and calm down.
Try to block the kitten's access to places where he can climb and get stuck there, or hide (in drawers, under cabinets, in the washing machine, in the oven).
Be patient, try to be attentive and careful when communicating with a kitten. But carry out all manipulations with him confidently and without fear.
How to raise a kitten
It is necessary that the kitten understands that you are the "main cat" at home. Do not let the kitten do what you will forbid him from the very first day, BUT!! physical punishment is unacceptable. Siberians are very smart and understanding, try to negotiate with the kitten about the rules of living together in a good way.
The kitten should know the word "not allowed". This prohibition should be pronounced in a "special", strict tone, not too loudly, but firmly and only at the moment when you caught the kitten doing a forbidden activity. For example, if a kitten is attached to sharpen its claws on your favorite sofa, you should strictly say "no", then bring the kitten to the scratching post and show him by example where you can sharpen your claws. For more attractiveness, treat the scratching post with catnip. When the kitten does what you expect from him, you should praise him, stroke him. And the place where it is undesirable to sharpen claws is better treated with special means with citrus smells.
How to feed a kitten
1. At first it is necessary to follow the recommendations of the breeder. It is absolutely unacceptable to make drastic changes in the nutrition of a kitten: this can lead to digestive disorders. For the first few days, feed him the way he is used to:. Find out from the breeder what and how the kitten ate, do not hesitate to consult once again, ask for advice.
Make sure that the kitten always has clean water freely available.
2. Any change in nutrition should occur gradually, over the course of a month.
3. What is categorically not recommended to feed a kitten, and an adult cat, too:
fish in any form,
any food from our table - fried, boiled, soups, pasta, with salt and spices, canned food, widely advertised low-quality food (Whiskey, Kitiket, Friskas, Darling ...).
Kittens are very curious. Besides, they are excellent hunters. The movement outside the window – birds, insects – will definitely attract her attention. A cat can jump out of a window, die or get lost. Reliable nets should be placed on the windows of the owner of any cat (mosquito nets do not help) or limiters. In addition, try to restrict the kitten's access to places where he can climb and then fall from a great height. The kitten does not yet have the ability to descend from a height without harm to itself, it can jump off and get hurt. If it is impossible to restrict access, put a rug or pillow in dangerous places, or build an improvised ladder (chair–table-window sill, etc.).
Shoes should not be within reach of a kitten, dangerous, deadly infections can easily be brought into the house on shoes. Although the kitten moves to a new house fully vaccinated - this can only ease the course of the disease, but, unfortunately, does not fully protect. Shoes should be put away in the locker or washed immediately.
So, what can be dangerous for a kitten:
- threads, pins, buttons and other small objects that the kitten can swallow;
- chemical agents (detergents and other agents, especially chlorine);
- indoor plants (the animal can chew them and get poisoned);
Poisonous indoor plants: euphorbia, dieffenbachia, oleander, philodendron, geranium, violets, cacti, etc.;
- household waste from the trash can, especially fish and poultry bones;
- wires (the kitten can chew them and get an electric shock). It is better to glue them with tape to the floor, put them in a special box or hide them under the carpet, in extreme cases – sprinkle them periodically with "Anti-gnawing";
- washing machine (the cat can choose it as a sleeping place);
- open windows and balconies (there should be a strong mesh on the window so that the baby does not fall out). When you go out on the balcony in winter, make sure that you have not closed the cat there, it may freeze;
- drafts (the cat easily catches a cold in a draft);
- doors. When entering the room where the kitten is, open the door slowly, as the kitten may be sitting right under the door. And close the doors slowly, as cats prefer to stop halfway.
- moving, renovation. If you are moving, transporting furniture or making repairs, isolate the kitten for a while, otherwise he may take advantage of the moment and run out into the entrance.
How to understand that a kitten is sick
Parameters of an adult healthy cat: body temperature – from 38 to 40 C, pulse – 100-120 beats per minute, respiratory rate 20-30 respiratory movements per minute, puberty – 8-15 months, life expectancy – 15-20 years.
In the modern world, in addition to viral diseases of cats, many other dangers lie in wait: free walking in the city (You risk losing your pet forever, do not allow this!), windows without nets, Christmas decorations (If you have a cat living in your house, do not use tinsel, rain), etc. Many diseases in cats proceed very rapidly therefore, it is necessary to immediately consult a doctor at the first signs of malaise.
Every owner wants his cat to live as long as possible and be healthy. The best way to protect your pet from many dangerous diseases is vaccination. You only need to be vaccinated against rabies, panleukopenia, calicivirus, rhinotracheitis just once a year (along with a visit to the veterinarian for an examination, for example). Different diseases are common in different regions. Consult with a veterinarian or breeder about the choice. Before this, it is necessary to carry out deworming. This is a must for everyone. Even if your pet does not go outside, there is a risk of contracting infectious diseases (for example, the feline distemper virus can be brought along with dirt on shoes). If you and your kitten are nature lovers and go to the country, walk in the park (a harness is mandatory), carry out prevention from fleas and ticks. In addition, be sure to visit a veterinarian – prevention is very important, do not expect trouble!
It is always necessary to monitor the condition and well-being of the kitten. Any signs of ill health should alert the owner.
Symptoms to pay attention to:
- The kitten is sluggish, refuses food and water,
- Temperature (dry nose, hot ears),
- Discharge from the eyes and nose,
- Diarrhea, vomiting, constipation,
- Dull coat, excessive shedding.
But an overly fanatical approach to health issues can also serve a bad service. You should not panic at any suspicion and stuff the kitten with all possible drugs. Lucha once again consult with a veterinarian if you doubt something.
In order to prevent diseases, it is recommended to perform wet cleaning of the room using special concentrates
Why is it necessary to castrate a kitten
Advantages of castration:
1. The cat is very prolific. One cat and all its offspring in 7 years can produce 420 000 of their own kind.
2. Drowning kittens, even newborns, means committing murder. It is also unacceptable to throw them away or throw them to someone. Raising offspring will require some physical effort and money from you. Of course, it's nice to watch the growing kittens, but when it comes time to find owners for them, a big problem arises.